The archaeological survey and exploration works, carried out by the Archaeology Department, at the College of Arts and Social Sciences, at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), in the wilayat of Saham, in the Governorate of North Al Batinah, unearthed five archaeological sites for old settlements and cemeteries, that date back to the Um Al Nar culture, between 2500 and 2000 BC.

The unearthed sites are located at Dahwi, Wadi Al Sukhn and Al Thaqibah, about 26 km to the west of the wilayat of Saham, on the northern plains of Al Hajr Al Gharbi mountains. The sites are the oldest archaeological sites unearthed, in the north part of the Sultanate. The archaeological unearthing started in 2010.

Dr. Khalid Daghlas, Head of the Archaeology Department at SQU said, the survey and exploration works unearthed a number of potteries and stone works, which point out that these sites have close connection with Indus, Mesopotamia and Iran. This is evidence that the settlers at these sites were working in copper smelting and trading.

He added that, the archaeological exploration works unearthed a number of cemeteries that date back to Umm Al Nar era. This means that they used to bury dead in group cemeteries, built from white sandstone. They also place with the dead, some clay and stone utensils.

It should be noted that the archaeological survey and exploration team of SQU, alongside with post graduate students, continue exploration works at the sites, to unearth more archaeological and historical sites and carry out cultural studies.

Source: Nam News Network