The Ministry of Health (MOH) will launch
next Sunday the National Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-
Communicable Diseases (NCD). This was announced by Dr. Ali bin
Talib al-Hinai, MOH’s Undersecretary for Planning Affairs during the
press conference that was held at the Ministry’s HQs today.
He pointed out that NCDs are the real risk and one of the
biggest challenges to the development in the twenty-first century. They
represent the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldly-wise.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), these diseases kill
38 million people annually, half of them are under the age of seventy.
The cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of most deaths
resulting from the NCDs, which causes 17.5 million deaths every year,
followed by the cancers (8.2 million deaths), then the respiratory
diseases (4 million deaths) and diabetes (1.5 million deaths).
He added that in the Sultanate, approximately 72.9% of deaths
are attributed to the NCDs, of which 24.3% are due to the
cardiovascular diseases and hypertension, 7% due to the cancers, and
2.2% due to the diabetes according to statistics in 2016. The physical
inactivity, unhealthy diets, tobacco and alcohol are the main risk
factors, as they increase the risk of death resulting from the NCDs.
Therefore, the Political Declaration of the High-Level General
Assembly Meeting on Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable
Diseases was issued in September 2011. The Declaration called for
strengthening and facilitating the multi-sectoral actions for the
prevention and control of NCDs through the effective partnership
between the country’s institutions, the private sector and the civil
Dr. al-Hinai further said that the Ministry of Health, since a long
time, has promoted the efforts to combat these diseases in its various
institutions. It has introduced the clinics of diabetes, hypertension and
asthma in the primary healthcare institutions, as well as providing all
the necessary medications and laboratory tests. The Ministry has also
launched the early screening national programme for non-
communicable diseases for those over 40-year old in all the primary
healthcare institutions in order to facilitate early diagnosis and provide
the optimal treatment to prevent and reduce complications. In addition,
fully equipped asthma clinics have been established in the health
centres to reduce the acute asthma attacks and facilitate the patient
access to it. In addition, the National Cancer Registry has been
promoted by introducing an advanced electronic monitoring system to
follow-up the cases.
He affirmed that the Ministry is working to control these
diseases by the continuing awareness for all community members
through avoiding the main risk factors and following a healthy lifestyle.
A national policy for NCDs was developed to formulate a multi-
sectoral national plan to combat NCDs. The multi-sectoral national plan
aims at reducing the premature deaths resulting from the non-
communicable diseases by 25% by the year 2025. The plan contains
eight chapters addressing the various aspects of prevention and
control the non-communicable diseases in the Sultanate.
The national plan focuses on combating four main diseases;
cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases and diabetes. In
addition, the plan addresses the main risk factors including lack of
physical activity, unhealthy diet and smoking. Additionally, it will focus
on the awareness and media aspects. All relevant sectors were
involved in developing this plan, which was revised by the WHO team
and has been translated into English.
Source: Oman News Agency